Selasa, 16 April 2013

A Primer of Corporate Finance

Corporate finance can be complicated. They are financial instruments to increase the company’s business value and reduce possible risks associated with the company, such as credit, liquidity and operational risks. Credit risk refers to the risk of a borrower not paying back debt. Liquidity is the ability to modify an asset into cash. The faster the well can be converted to cash, more liquid. Liquidity risk is the risk that a particular asset cannot be converted into cash fast enough to bring a profit or avoid a loss. Operational risk addresses the risk inherent in the operations of a company. This is a bit wider than other types of risks. Operational risk includes fraud and other illegal practices.

When a company makes a profit, distribute dividends to their shareholders. Shareholders are investors in the company. Dividends are simply part of the company’s profit that is paid to the shareholders of that company’s shares. Dividends can take a variety of forms, including cash payments, stock dividends (further action) or property dividends. Property dividends can be activities such as titles, as well as products and services. In the past, they have also involved the Earth’s surface. Sometimes a company to reinvest dividends. This is what is part of net profit of the company.

Occasionally, an individual or a company wants to buy another company. There are several ways to accomplish this. One way is an acquisition. The acquisition, also known as acquisition or buyout, involves the buyer of the company buying the target company. MBO (Management buy-out) and MBI (Management Buy-In) are two types of this. MBOs occur when existing management company acquires a large part, or all, of the company. Contrast with this MBI, which happens when no individual or group of people from outside the company took over the company and gives themselves as the new management of the company.

Another form of acquisition is known as the consolidation or merger. The merger occurs when two similar sized companies join together to form a completely new company. A friendly merger is one in which both companies are negotiating the terms of the merger. On the contrary, a hostile merger is one in which a company does not want to join another, or the Council of the society does not know before the merger bid.

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